Septic Tanks Removing the Waste the Natural Way
Many Americans today live with plumbing. They have an interconnected system within their house to deliver water to their taps. The city where they live takes care of certain issues; sewage, for instance. When a plumbing problem arises, they call a plumber. Sewage is taken care of.
Many Americans today live without city plumbing. They take care of the pipes themselves, fitting the bolts, snaking the drains, and even, yes, eliminating the sewage. While those in most American locations rely on municipal sewage dumps to take waste and eliminate it, Americans who live in rural centers may lack that.
They must, however, still deal with waste. How do they do it? It is called the septic tank.
A septic tank is a watertight chamber made of concrete, fiberglass, PVC or plastic through which domestic wastewater flows for primary treatment. Septic tanks are a kind of onsite sewage facility and are often used in areas where houses are not connected to a sewage system.
The treated liquid is often dispersed into a septic drain field for further decomposition.
The term “septic” refers to the anaerobic bacterial environment that develops in the tank. The bacteria decomposes or “mineralizes” the waste discharged in the tank, so that the waste can be flushed out into a separate part of the tank, and from there into the septic drain field.
Generally, when it comes to septic tanks, one of the tanks is connected to an inland water pipe, which contains all the waste and impurities flushed through the house or home. The other end contains a pipe that flushes out into the septic drain field. Today, there are two chambers to the septic tank, which are separated by a divider.
Two manholes cover the each chamber of the septic tank. This is for any problems that might develop that would require the flushing out of the sludge in the tank.
It works like this. Wastewater flows into the septic tank. It is composed of solids and liquids. The solids settle to the bottom, where they are “eaten” by bacteria, allowing them to decompose. This changes the value of the mix in the tank. The liquid portion of the wastewater filters into the other chamber of the tank, for further decomposition.
The remaining liquid flows from the second chamber into a pipe leading out into a drainage field. Depending on locality, the field may be called the leach field, the drain field, or the seepage field. At that point, the fluid follows a system of pipes to various areas of the field, where the fluid will seep into the soil, evaporate, or be used by tree roots.
Usually, a septic tank should be able to hold at least two days worth of wastewater, which is how long it generally takes for solids to decompose. Although it is predominantly used in rural areas, one quarter of Americans rely on a septic system at home. The type and size of the septic tank varies according to household size:
A four-person, two bedroom household needs a 1000 gallon tank at minimum.
Data from the Environmental Protection Agency states that more than four billion gallons of wastewater is dispersed below the ground surface every day. This is a great deal of wastewater, which goes to give nutrients to fields, to the roots of trees, and the roots of plants.
For those who have a septic tank, there are four factors that impact the frequency of pumping: the number of people in a household, the amount of wastewater generated, the volume of solids in waster, and the size of the septic tank.
In areas where septic tanks are common, there are companies that offer septic service, septic tank treatment, and septic tank pumping. The septic tank pumping generally takes place when the septic tank has too much sludge to allow for more wastewater to pass through.
Companies, to pull out the sludge, use a vacuum pump to “pump” it out. This happens with some septic systems once every two years. It is a rarity but some others can last 10-20 years without a septic “pump”. This is part of a septic service offered by many companies. A septic service might also involve repairing parts of the septic tank.
A septic service is good for what it’s worth.
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